Date: 16-11-18  Time: 00:48 AM

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Pneumonia will kill nearly 11 million children under five by 2030; experts warned on Monday on a global day aimed at raising awareness of the biggest infectious killer of infants worldwide.

While in the developed world the severe lung infection mainly affects the elderly, in developing nations it is children who bear the brunt, with hundreds of thousands dying each year from the easily preventable disease.

More than 880,000 children – mainly aged less than two years old – died from pneumonia in 2016 alone.
Besides boosting your energy and attention levels, researchers have found that drinking coffee may also protect you against developing both Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. This could be due to phenylindanes – an antioxidant compound found in roasted coffee beans, reported Business Standard.
Coffee culture: Whats brewing?
Co-director at University Health Network’s Kremblin Brain Institute in Toronto, Donald Weaver said, “Coffee consumption does seem to have some correlation to a decreased risk of developing Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
For the study, reported in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience, the team chose to investigate three different types of coffee – light roast, dark roast and decaffeinated dark roast. The caffeinated and de-caffeinated dark roast both showed phenylindanes, suggesting that the effect is not due to caffeine.
Phenylindanes prevent or rather inhibit both beta amyloid and tau – two protein fragments common in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s – from clumping. Weaver noted, “So phenylindanes are a dual inhibitor. It’s very interesting because we were not expecting that.”
As roasting leads to higher quantities of phenylindanes, dark roasted coffee appears to be more protective than light roasted coffee. However, the results do not suggest that coffee is a cure, said the researchers, adding that more study is needed before it can translate into a potential therapeutic.
“What this study does is take the epidemiological evidence and try to refine it and to demonstrate that there are indeed components within coffee that are beneficial to warding off cognitive decline,” Weaver added.
Hot coffee is healthier than cold, says study
He concluded, “It’s interesting but if you think that we’re suggesting that coffee is a cure, it’s absolutely not.”
Announcements and General topics / Re: Promote this Forum
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 13, 2018, 02:28:42 PM »
nice sharing
Doctors & Medical Students / Re: Doctors and the community
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 12, 2018, 02:27:01 PM »
nice sharing its lovely
Pharmaceutical / Re: Rescue 1122 launches ‘First Aider At Every Home’ programme
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 10, 2018, 02:17:38 PM »
nice sharing its lovely thanks
Advertise / World's first AI news anchor goes on air
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 09, 2018, 02:04:20 PM »
The world’s first artificial intelligence (AI) news anchor made “his” debut at the ongoing fifth World Internet Conference in east China’s Zhejiang Province.
The news anchor, based on the latest AI technology, has a male image with a voice, facial expressions, and actions of a real person. “He” learns from live broadcasting videos by himself and can read texts as naturally as a professional news anchor.
The AI news anchor was jointly developed by Xinhua News Agency, the official state-run media outlet of China, and Chinese search engine company
According to Xinhua, “he” has become a member of its reporting team and can work 24 hours a day on its official website and various social media platforms, reducing news production costs and improving efficiency.
Advertise / Food ripening methods ‘hazardous for health’
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 08, 2018, 01:56:47 PM »
Farmers’ representatives have said that the lives of the residents of Islamabad are at high risk due to the illegal practice of ripening fruits and vegetables using chemicals.
“Fruits are ripened through commercial methods like calcium carbide wrapped in a cloth or newspaper placed at the bottom of the basket,” Babar Saleem, a farmer, told APP on Monday. “In order to increase the basket temperature and maintain humidity, the basket is covered with strong craft paper.”

“Fruits ripened like this have good skin colour with high acidity and low sugar content, but poorly developed flavour,” said Babar, adding that such fruits are hazardous as they may contain traces of arsenic and phosphorus hydride.
“We are at risk of short-term and long-term health hazards simply for eating such fruits,” he warned.

According to local farmers, in developed countries, fruits are commercially ripened in an artificial chamber having no health hazards. The use of ethylene for this purpose is not harmful for human consumption; but since these compounds are expensive, developing countries use low-cost calcium carbide which is harmful and has many disadvantages.

Rana Munir, another fruit trader, informed APP that commercial ripening was an essential part of their business. “We pick raw fruits and use certain methods to increase their shelf life,” he said.

According to Munir, acetylene gas is an analogue of ethylene which quickens the ripening process and sometimes only skin colour is changed while fruit remains unripe and raw.

Dr Waseem Khawaja of the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) told APP that early symptoms of arsenic and phosphorus poisoning included vomiting, diarrhoea with or without blood, burning sensation in the chest and abdomen, thirst, weakness and difficulty in swallowing and speaking.

He said that other harmful effects of chemical food include numbness in the legs and hands, cold and damp skin and low blood pressure, and can become fatal if not treated in time.

Dr Amjad, a nutritionist at the National Institute of Health (NIH), recommends developing better technique for artificial ripening of fruits and vegetables to prevent direct contact of the substance with fruits.  APP
Announcements and General topics / Re: Thankyou
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Advertise / Ideal timing between pregnancies is at least one year
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 05, 2018, 02:03:48 PM »
Women who want to bear children in their 30s and 40s often face a dilemma regarding how much time to wait between pregnancies. Doctors often advise they wait 18 to 24 months. But pregnancy risks mount with age.
A study Monday in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), based on 150,000 pregnancies in Canada from 2004 to 2014, concludes that waiting less than a year between pregnancies raises the risks, regardless of a woman’s age.
After a year, however, there is little difference in risk.
“The take-home message from the study is that closely spaced pregnancies have risks for women of all ages,” said study author Laura Sc hummers, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia.
Woman gives birth on hospital ground
“We found that maternal risks were present for women 35 and older only, and not for younger women, whereas risks to the baby were present for women both aged 20 to 34 and women 35 and older.
Risks were similar between 12 and 24 months, and “we saw a very small further reduction between 12 and 18 months,” Sc hummers told AFP.
The inter pregnancy interval was calculated as the amount of time between the birth of one child and the conception of the next one.
For women over 35, the risk of maternal complications was highest for pregnancies that began three, six or nine months following a prior birth.
For infants, risks rose among closely timed pregnancies regardless of the mother’s age.
These included stillbirth, infant death in the first year of life, low birth weight and premature, and affected about two percent of infants in the study.
Nutrition week starts to co mate stunted grown
When pregnancy began six months after a birth, the risk of premature birth rose 59% compared to pregnancies timed to begin 18 months after a birth.
Doctors in the United States typically urge women to wait at least 18 months between childbirth and pregnancy.
The World Health Organisation recommends at least 24 months.
“Our findings indicate a shorter optimal interval than previously thought (12-24 months) for women of all ages,” concluded the study.
“This finding may be reassuring, particularly for older women who must weigh the competing risks of increasing maternal age with longer inter pregnancy intervals (including infertility and chromosomal anomalies) against the risks of short inter pregnancy intervals.”
Advertise / Women are more vulnerable to psoriasis disease
« Last post by ayeshanoor on November 03, 2018, 02:04:48 PM »
Psoriasis drastically affects the everyday lives of patients as it victimizes more than 125 million people worldwide,” reads a statement to mark upcoming International Psoriasis Day on October 29.
Pakistan Psoriasis Foundation report states that in an analysis of survey data from 5,000 psoriasis patients, 20% of women said that psoriasis was a massive problem in their everyday lives, compared to only 12% of men.
Overall, women have greater difficulty dealing with the psychological and social issues brought about by the condition.
Sindh Government Hospital Saudabad Chief Medical Officer Dr Fauzia Farid said, “Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease clinically evident as raised inflamed scaly red skin lesions that crack and itch.”
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