Date: 23-10-18  Time: 11:05 AM

Author Topic: Diabetes Mellitis the Raised Blood Glucose  (Read 2002 times)

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Diabetes Mellitis the Raised Blood Glucose
« on: March 27, 2014, 12:58:56 AM »
Diabetes Mellitis

It is an illness in which the blood glucose level of patient often remains more than normal in addition to many other harmful effects on organs like kidneys, heart, Eyes, Brain etc. There is a relative deficiency in hormone insulin produced by pancreatic langerhan cells.

Types of diabetes mellitis include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes  (Type I DM and Type II DM.).

Type I Diabetes Mellitis. It is also known as early onset or insulin dependent diabetes.
This type of diabetes usually occurs at a lower age and at times in children.
In this type of diabetes the pancreatic langerhan cells responsible for producing insulin are somehow damaged therefore insulin production gradually decreases and ultimately ceases. At that stage patient will need life long support with insulin injections.

Type II Diabetes Mellitis. This Type of diabetes is also known as maturity onset type or non insulin dependent.
The onset of illness is at a later age, usually past 40s or 50s.
The pancreas keeps on producing the insulin but somehow the body does not respond to that insulin.
To treat such cases Certain antidiabetes medicines in tablet form are given. The commonest classes of such drugs are sulfonylureas and biguanides.
  Symptoms of Diabetes
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Increased urine production
  • Loss of weight
  • Blurred vision
  • Skin infections
  • Increased hunger
  • Excessive thirst
  • Irritability
  • Poor pace of wound healing
 diabetes diagnosis height=156

  Diagnosis depends upon:
  • Symptoms
  • Urine sugar testing
  • Blood sugar testing
  • Blood HbA1C for evaluating long term control.

   If diabetes is not properly manages then it leads to early complication and rapid deterioration of health. Complications include:
  • Ischemic heart disease.
  • Hypertension.
  • Renal disease.
  • Diabetic coma.
  • Skin ulcers.
  • Delayed healing of various wounds and infective disorders.
  • Stroke.

  Diabetes prevention primarily focuses on health life style which includes:
  • Weight Control.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Diet having least refined sugars and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
  • care of feet and skin to prevent ulcers.

Treatment Plan There is a four tier strategy of diabetes management plan which includes:
  • Dietary control.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Oral Hypoglycemic drugs.
  • Insulin

Insulin Therapy

 insulin height=156
Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs

Several categories of oral hypoglycemic drugs are available.
It is imperative that diabetic patient starts the drug management plan under close supervision of Family physician.
Once the dosage of medicines gets adjusted then patient should keep on sticking to that dose along with a disciplined diet and exercise plan.
He should learn to monitor the blood glucose levels at home and keep a record. He must also keep on visiting the family physician at regular intervals for timely detection of any aggravation or complication.
« Last Edit: March 27, 2014, 08:27:33 PM by Administrator »