Date: 23-10-18  Time: 14:39 PM

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Doctors & Medical Students / Re: INFORMATION REQUIRED FCPS PHYSIOLOGY - PART 1
« Last post by ayeshanoor on October 10, 2018, 03:22:45 PM »
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Medical News & General Information / Re: Pakistan Jobs 2018
« Last post by ayeshanoor on October 09, 2018, 03:24:50 PM »
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Medical Education & Research / Re: The first radiograph ever!
« Last post by ayeshanoor on October 05, 2018, 03:47:34 PM »
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Children perform better on mental and academic tests when they limit their screen time to under two hours per day, eat right, sleep well, and stay physically active.
“For kids, if they have better cognitive function, they may succeed better in their life.” —Jean-Philippe Chaput, PhD, of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute. Getty Images
If you want to maximize your child’s brainpower, help them develop good habits, suggests a new study.
This includes encouraging them to limit their recreational screen time to no more than two hours a day, get enough sleep, and stay physically active.
The study looked at how well 4,500 U.S. children ages 8 to 11 met the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth.
Researchers found that 37 percent of children had two hours or less of recreational screen time per day, 51 percent had 9 to 11 hours of uninterrupted sleep per night, and 18 percent got at least 60 minutes per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity.
Only 5 percent of the children in the study met all three recommendations. Twenty-nine percent met none at all.
Researchers found that children who met the guidelines for all three areas had “superior global cognition” compared to those who met none. This includes memory, attention, processing speed, and language.
The strongest link was for screen time alone, and for screen time and sleep together.
The researchers did not see a connection between physical activity and improved cognition. However, they noted in the paper that this may be due to a lack of information about the intensity and kinds of physical activity that kids were doing.
While there are guidelines for healthy levels of screen time, sleep, and physical activity for children, this study looked at how they interacted.
“Any change in one of the three behaviors will impact one or two of the others. So you cannot look at them alone. They need to be combined,” said study author Jean-Philippe Chaput, PhD, of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute.
The study was published September 26 in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.
Screen time and sleep affect each other
Heather Kirkorian, PhD, an associate professor in human development and family studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, who as not involved in the study, said one of the strengths of the study is that researchers measured cognitive abilities directly rather than relying on a parent’s assessment.
Kirkorian pointed out, though, that the results only show some association between these factors, but they can’t say which one causes which.
This is echoed by Chaput, who said, “We know that screen time before bed is bad for your sleep quality, but we also know that short sleepers tend to engage in more screen time.”
Another recent study found a similar impact of screen time, sleep, and physical activity — along with diet — on the academic performance of more than 4,000 10- and 11-year-olds.
Kids in this study who met the screen time and sleep recommendations performed better on a standardized writing test taken one year later.
But math, reading, and writing all improved with each additional good lifestyle behavior that children had.
Study author Paul Veugelers, PhD, a professor of public health at the University of Alberta said the effect of these lifestyle behaviors on academic performance was “substantial.”
This study looked only at television viewing, which may capture just a small piece of children’s screen time.
Also, Veugelers said that asking kids how often they use screens may miss information about their other health habits.
“Hypothetically you can have a student playing with the Wii or Dance Revolution and reporting that as screen time,” he said.
Kirkorian would like to see additional research that gives a more detailed view of screen time.
“There’s plenty of research suggesting that the type of activity, the content, and the social context all matter,” she said.
For example, there’s a difference between watching a movie alone or watching and talking about the movie with others, or between playing video games and doing research online for school.
http://www.forumpakistan.com.pk/haspatal-f34.html
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Medical News & General Information / vaping was a way to kick the cigarette habit
« Last post by ayeshanoor on October 03, 2018, 01:56:40 PM »
Several companies are selling vaporizers that let you inhale vitamins, essential oils, and herbal supplements. But is this trend safe… or even needed?

First, . Then it was just plain cool.

Now it’s a “healthy” activity, say companies that are pushing people to vape vitamins, herbal supplements, and essential oils.

At least three companies have embraced this new vape trend. One markets its vitamin B-12 vaporizer as containing “10 times the amount found in a typical B-12 shot,” alongside pictures of fresh fruits and berries (none of which contain vitamin B-12, by the way).

Another sells vape juice that contains vitamins, essential oils, and organic flavor waters, with the motto “if you wouldn’t eat it, you shouldn’t inhale it.”

But just because you eat something, does that mean it’s safe to inhale a vapor made from it? (Imagine relaxing at home with a savory organic, free-range chicken vape.)

Or is it even an effective way to boost your health?

There’s very little research to answer either of these questions, but here’s what we do know about vaping vitamins.

Is vaping vitamins safe?
According to a report released earlier this year by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, studies show that e-cigarette vapor contains fewer kinds and lower levels of toxic chemicals than cigarette smoke.

However, combustible cigarette smoke is made up of thousands of chemicals, with at least 70 known to cause cancer. So being “less harmful” is an easy bar to reach.

One good thing about the herbal and vitamin vape liquids is that they are free of nicotine, which is highly addictive.

Still, one study found that even non-nicotine e-cigarettes may be a gateway to cigarette smoking among teens.

Some companies selling “healthy” vape liquids also market their products as containing organic ingredients and no chemicals.
http://www.forumpakistan.com.pk/haspatal-f34.html
But heating the vape liquid to create vapor can produce chemicals that weren’t in the original liquid. The NAS report points out that the chemicals in the vapor depend upon the flavorings and other compounds in the vape juice, as well as how the device is used.

This is why scientists test the vapor — sometimes on multiple vaporizers — not just the vape liquid.

Compared to combustible cigarettes, e-cigarettes have only been around for a short time, so there’s less research available on their safety.
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Advertise / Govt forms task force for health sector
« Last post by ayeshanoor on October 01, 2018, 02:21:08 PM »
The government has notified the health task force to evaluate the current status of healthcare in Pakistan and submit its findings to the government.
According to an official notification, around 13 experts both from the private and public sector, from Pakistan and abroad will evaluate all aspects with statistical analysis including but not limited to medical, dental, nursing and ancillary health care.
The force constitutes renowned health experts including from Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre (SKMCH&RC).
Prof Nausherwan Burki of University of Connecticut, USA, is leading the task force who was the key member of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa (K-P) team that brought reforms in the health care system of the province.
He had already visited both the major public sector hospitals in the federal capital earlier this month along with the health minister.
The other members include SKMCH&RC CEO Dr Faisal Sultan, Indus Hospital CEO Prof Abdul Bari Khan, SKMCH&RC CMO Dr Asim Yusuf, Prof M Hamid Zaman from Dept of Biomed Engr and International Health at Boston University USA.
The Ex-director of Pharmacy Services at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Latif Sheikh, and Prof Zulfiqar A Bhutta from Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health at AKUH are also in the team.
The nursing section include Prof Dr Rasia Gul, Prof Dean FNM at Shifa College of Nursing, Shaheen Ghani, President of Pakistan Nursing Association K-P and Director Nursing at Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, Professor Rafat Jan, President of Pakistan Nursing Council and Dean School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rawalpindi, and Rehana Elahi, Director at Nursing SKMCH&RC.
National Health Services Regulations and Coordination Secretary Captain (retd) Zahid Saeed is part of both the teams.
http://www.forumpakistan.com.pk/haspatal-f34.html
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Advertise / Punjabi Translation Services in Pakistan
« Last post by ayeshanoor on September 28, 2018, 02:05:38 PM »
Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language like other languages of South Asia. There are almost 88 million native Punjabi speakers in all over the world. Total number of native Punjabi speakers in Pakistan is almost 76,335,300 according to 2008 census and 29,102,477 in India. Punjabi is mainly spoken in Pakistan and India. Punjabi speaking communities also found in USA, UK, UAE, Saudi Arab, Canada, Australia and Malaysia. It is 13th most widely spoken language in all over the world.
Translation.pk is specialist in providing certified professional punjabi translation services in all major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Faisalabad, Peshawar, Quetta, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Hyderabad, Bahawalpur and all other cities.
We do punjabi translate all kind of letters and documents in almost all languages. We have expert punjabi translators, punjabi interpreters from all languages including Arabic, Balochi, Check Republic, Chinese, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Pashto, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Russian, Sindhi, Spanish etc.
Translation.pk translation services are very reliable. Our all clients data is confidential. Our punjabi translators are qualified and expert in their work.
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Pakistan is among seven countries across the globe where four American drug companies appear to underpay and deprive the economies of the developing countries by an estimated ‘$112 million in taxes every year’, according to a research report published by Oxfam.
The new research report titled Prescription for Poverty: Drug companies as tax dodgers, price gougers, and influence peddlers, shows that “four pharmaceutical firms—Abbott, Johnson & Johnson, Merck, and Pfizer—systematically stash their profits in overseas tax havens. They appear to deprive developing countries of more than $100 million every year—money that is urgently needed to meet the health needs of people in these countries—while vastly overcharging for their products.”
http://www.pakistanjobs.pk/accounting-jobs-a2
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